Monday, 27 June 2016

Socialising new graduates

Roger Watson, Editor

As explained by the authors of this Canadian study: 'The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between preceptor characteristics (emotional intelligence, personality and cognitive intelligence) and new graduate nurse socialization outcomes regarding turnover intent, job satisfaction, role conflict and ambiguity during a preceptorship programme.'  The authors are Lalonde and McGillis Hall (2016) and the articel is titled: 'Preceptor characteristics and the socialization outcomes of new graduate nurses during a preceptorship programme' and is published in Nursing Open.  

The authors used a sample of 41 preceptors and 44 new graduate nurses and used a rnage of validated questoinnaires to measure intelligence, emotional intelligence and personality.  Some characteristics of preceptors and nurses were related as follows: 'Three preceptor personality traits were related to new graduate nurse outcomes. First, preceptor openness was positively correlated with new graduate job dissatisfaction and role conflict. This indicates that the more open the preceptor, the higher the job dissatisfaction among new graduate and the higher their perception of role conflict. This cohort of new graduate nurses, with an average age of 24, is considered part of Generation Y, or the millennial generation, that is, individuals born between 1979 and 1994' and 'Second, preceptor conscientiousness was positively related to new graduate turnover intent. Specifically, the more conscientious the preceptor, the higher the intent to turnover among the new graduate participants. This implies that new nurses paired with more conscientious preceptors are more likely to want to leave their current job. As the preceptors provide the technical information surrounding their new role, along with important social cues, the new nurse assesses these social cues and the people surrounding them.'

The authors conclude: 'This study provides additional support to the existing literature that examines how preceptor characteristics may be worthy of consideration. However, further research is required to determine whether or not preceptor personality traits impact the socialization outcomes of new graduate nurses.'

Reference

Lalonde M, McGillis Hall L (2016) Preceptor characteristics and the socialization outcomes of
new graduate nurses during a preceptorship programme Nursing Open doi: 10.1002/nop2.58

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